The Washington Afro American. El Deber [The Duty]. The Rock Hill Herald. These ethnic conflicts reached their height in the s.
Abiola won support not only from his own people but from many non-Yorubas as well, including many Hausas. In July , Nigeria's population was estimated at more than million people. Make your own research you will know that gone are those days when the muslim use to be more in number. A good write up we have here, I must say. Perhaps Nigeria's most popular form of music is juju, which uses traditional drums and percussion instruments to back up vocals and complicated guitar work.
However, this pattern was broken on 29 May as Nigeria's current president, Olusegun Obasanjo, took office following popular elections. Under the current constitution, presidential elections are to be held every four years, with no president serving more than two terms in office.
The Nigerian legislature consists of two houses: All legislators are elected to four-year terms. Nigeria's judicial branch is headed by a Supreme Court, whose members were appointed by the Provisional Ruling Council, which ruled Nigeria during its recent transition to democracy. All Nigerians over age eighteen are eligible to vote. Leadership and Political Officials.
A wealthy political elite dominates political life in Nigeria. The relationship between the political elite and ordinary Nigerians is not unlike that between nobles and commoners.
Nigerian leaders, whether as members of a military regime or one of Nigeria's short-lived civilian governments, have a history of doing whatever it takes to stay in power and to hold on to the wealth that this power has given them. Rural Nigerians tend to accept this noble-peasant system of politics. Low levels of education and literacy mean that many people in rural areas are not fully aware of the political process or how to affect it.
Their relative isolation from the rest of the country means that many do not even think of politics. There is a common feeling in many rural areas that the average person cannot affect the politics of the country, so there is no reason to try.
Urban Nigerians tend to be much more vocal in their support of or opposition to their leaders. Urban problems of housing, unemployment, health care, sanitation, and traffic tend to mobilize people into political action and public displays of dissatisfaction. Political parties were outlawed under the Abacha regime, and only came back into being after his death. As of the presidential elections, there were three main political parties in Nigeria: It grew out of support for opposition leaders who were imprisoned by the military government in the early s.
The PDP is widely believed to have received heavy financial assistance from the military during the elections. The APP is led by politicians who had close ties to the Abacha regime.
The AD is a party led by followers of the late Moshood Abiola, the Yoruba politician who won the general election in , only to be sent to prison by the military regime. Social Problems and Control. Perhaps Nigeria's greatest social problem is the internal violence plaguing the nation. Interethnic fighting throughout the country, religious rioting between Muslims and non-Muslims over the creation of Shari'a law strict Islamic law in the northern states, and political confrontations between ethnic minorities and backers of oil companies often spark bloody confrontations that can last days or even months.
When violence of this type breaks out, national and state police try to control it. However, the police themselves are often accused of some of the worst violence. In some instances, curfews and martial law have been imposed in specific areas to try to stem outbreaks of unrest.
Poverty and lack of opportunity for many young people, especially in urban areas, have led to major crime. Lagos is considered one of the most dangerous cities in West Africa due to its incredibly high crime rate. The police are charged with controlling crime, but their lack of success often leads to vigilante justice. In some rural areas there are some more traditional ways of addressing social problems.
In many ethnic groups, such as the Igbo and the Yoruba, men are organized into secret societies. Initiated members of these societies often dress in masks and palm leaves to masquerade as the physical embodiment of traditional spirits to help maintain social order. Through ritual dance, these men will give warnings about problems with an individual's or community's morality in a given situation.
Because belief in witchcraft and evil spirits is high throughout Nigeria, this kind of public accusation can instill fear in people and cause them to mend their ways. Members of secret societies also can act as judges or intermediaries in disputes.
Nigeria's military consists of an army, a navy, an air force, and a police force. The minimum age for military service is eighteen. The Nigerian military is the largest and best-equipped military in West Africa. Public dissatisfaction with Nigeria's participation in the Sierra Leonean crisis was extremely high due to high casualty rates among the Nigerian soldiers. Nigeria pledged to pull out of Sierra Leone in , prompting the United Nations to send in peacekeepers in an attempt stem the violence.
While the foreign forces in Sierra Leone are now under the mandate of the United Nations, Nigerian troops still make up the majority of the peacekeepers. Nigeria has a long-running border dispute with Cameroon over the mineral-rich Bakasi Peninsula, and the two nations have engaged in a series of cross-boarder skirmishes.
Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, and Chad also have a long-running border dispute over territory in the Lake Chad region, which also has led to some fighting across the borders. Severe poverty, human rights violations, and corruption are some of the major social ills that have plagued Nigeria for decades. Because Nigeria is in the midst of major political change, however, there is great hope for social reform in the country. President Obasanjo's administration has been focusing much of its efforts on changing the world's image of Nigeria.
Many foreign companies have been reluctant to invest in Nigeria for fear of political instability. Obasanjo hopes that if Nigeria can project the image of a stable nation, he can coax foreign investors to come to Nigeria and help bolster the country's failing economy.
Obasanjo also says that rooting out corruption in all levels of government is one of his top priorities. A man sells patterned cloth at a market. Nigerians are expert dyers, weavers, and tailors. He signed the Anti-Corruption Act in June , creating a special commission for investigating charges of corruption brought by ordinary Nigerians against government officials.
According to Amnesty International's report, Nigeria's new government continues to make strides in improving human rights throughout the country, most notably in the release of political prisoners.
However, the detention of journalists critical of the military and reports of police brutality continue to be problems.
Foreign governments and watchdog organizations continue to press the Nigerian government for further human rights reforms. Division of Labor by Gender. In general, labor is divided in Nigerian society along gender lines. Very few women are active in the political and professional arenas. In urban areas, increasing numbers of women are becoming involved in the professional workforce, but they are greatly outnumbered by their male counterparts.
Women who do manage to gain professional employment rarely make it into the higher levels of management. However, women in Nigeria still play significant roles in the economy, especially in rural areas. Women are often expected to earn significant portions of the family income. As a rule, men have little obligation to provide for their wives or children. Therefore women have traditionally had to farm or sell homemade products in the local market to ensure that they could feed and clothe their children.
The division of labor along gender lines even exists within industries. For example, the kinds of crops that women cultivate differ from those that men cultivate. In Igbo society, yams are seen as men's crops, while beans and cassava are seen as women's crops. The Relative Status of Women and Men. Modern Nigeria is a patriarchal society. Men are dominant over women in virtually all areas. While Nigeria is a signatory to the international Convention on Equality for Women, it means little to the average Nigerian woman.
Women still have fewer legal rights than men. According to Nigeria's Penal Code, men have the right to beat their wives as long as they do not cause permanent physical injury.
Wives are often seen as little more than possessions and are subject to the rule of their husbands. However, women can exercise influence in some areas.
For example, in most ethnic groups, mothers and sisters have great say in the lives of their sons and brothers, respectively. The blood relationship allows these women certain leeway and influence that a wife does not have. There are three types of marriage in Nigeria today: A Nigerian couple may decide to take part in one or all of these marriages. Religious marriages, usually Christian or Muslim, are conducted according to the norms of the respective religious teachings and take place in a church or a mosque.
Christian males are allowed only one wife, while Muslim men can take up to four wives. Civil official weddings take place in a government registry office. Men are allowed only one wife under a civil wedding, regardless of religion. Traditional marriages usually are held at the wife's house and are performed according to the customs of the ethnic group involved. Most ethnic groups traditionally allow more than one wife. Depending on whom you ask, polygamy has both advantages and disadvantages in Nigerian society.
Some Nigerians see polygamy as a divisive force in the family, often pitting one wife against another. Others see polygamy as a unifying factor, creating a built-in support system that allows wives to work as a team. While Western ways of courtship and marriage are not unheard of, the power of traditional values and the strong influence of the family mean that traditional ways are usually followed, even in the cities and among the elite.
According to old customs, women did not have much choice of whom they married, though the numbers of arranged marriages are declining. It is also not uncommon for women to marry in their teens, often to a much older man. In instances where there are already one or more wives, it is the first wife's responsibility to look after the newest wife and help her integrate into the family. Many Nigerian ethnic groups follow the practice of offering a bride price for an intended wife.
Unlike a dowry, in which the woman would bring something of material value to the marriage, a bride price is some form of compensation the husband must pay before he can marry a wife. A bride price can take the form of money, cattle, wine, or other valuable goods paid to the woman's family, but it also can take a more subtle form. Men might contribute money to the education of an intended wife or help to establish her in a small-scale business or agricultural endeavor.
This form of bride price is often incorporated as part of the wooing process. While women who leave their husbands will be welcomed back into their families, they often need a justification for breaking the marriage. If the husband is seen as having treated his wife well, he can expect to have the bride price repaid. Though customs vary from group to group, traditional weddings are often full of dancing and lively music. There is also lots of excitement and cultural displays. For example, the Yoruba have a practice in which the bride and two or three other women come out covered from head to toe in a white shroud.
It is the groom's job to identify his wife from among the shrouded women to show how well he knows his wife. Divorce is quite common in Nigeria. Marriage is more of a social contract made to ensure the continuation of family lines rather than a union based on love and emotional connections. It is not uncommon for a husband and wife to live in separate homes and to be extremely independent of one another.
In most ethnic groups, either the man or the woman can end the marriage. If the woman leaves her husband, she will often be taken as a second or third wife of another man. If this is the case, the new husband is responsible for repaying the bride price to the former husband. Children of a divorced woman are normally accepted into the new family as well, without any problems. The majority of Nigerian families are very large by Western standards.
Many Nigerian men take more than one wife. In some ethnic groups, the greater the number of children, the greater a man's standing in the eyes of his peers. Family units of ten or more are not uncommon. In a polygamous family, each wife is responsible for feeding and caring for her own children, though the wives often help each other when needed. The wives also will take turns feeding their husband so that the cost of his food is spread equally between or among the wives.
Husbands are the authority figures in the household, and many are not used to their ideas or wishes being challenged.
In most Nigerian cultures, the father has his crops to tend to, while his wives will have their own jobs, whether they be tending the family garden, processing palm oil, or selling vegetables in the local market. Children may attend school. When they return home, the older boys will help their father with his work, while the girls and younger boys will go to their mothers.
For many Nigerian ethnic groups, such as the Hausa and the Igbo, inheritance is basically a male affair. Though women have a legal right to inheritance in Nigeria, they often receive nothing. This is a reflection of the forced economic independence many women live under. While their husbands are alive, wives are often responsible for providing for themselves and their children.
Little changes economically after the death of the husband. Property and wealth are usually passed on to sons, if they are old enough, or to other male relatives, such as brothers or uncles. For the Fulani, if a man dies, his brother inherits his property and his wife.
The wife usually returns to live with her family, but she may move in with her husband's brother and become his wife.
While men dominate Igbo society, women play an important role in kinship. All Igbos, men and women, have close ties to their mother's clan, which usually lives in a different village.
When an Igbo dies, the body is usually sent back to his mother's village to be buried with his mother's kin. If an Igbo is disgraced or cast out of his community, his mother's kin will often take him in.
For the Hausa, however, there is not much of a sense of wide-ranging kinship. Hausa society is based on the nuclear family. There is a sense of a larger extended family, including married siblings and their families, but there is little kinship beyond that.
However, the idea of blood being thicker than water is very strong in Hausa society. For this reason, many Hausas will try to stretch familial relationships to the broader idea of clan or tribe to diffuse tensions between or among neighbors.
Newborns in Nigerian societies are regarded with pride. They represent a community's and a family's future and often are the main reason for many marriages. Throughout Nigeria, the bond between mother and child is very strong. During the first few years of a child's life, the mother is never far away. Nigerian women place great importance on breast-feeding and the bond that it creates between mother and child. Children are often not weaned off their mother's milk until they are toddlers.
Children who are too young to walk or get around on their own are carried on their mother's backs, secured by a broad cloth that is tied around the baby and fastened at the mother's breasts.
Women will often carry their children on their backs while they perform their daily chores or work in the fields. Child Rearing and Education. When children reach the age of about four or five, they often are expected to start performing a share of the household duties. As the children get older, their responsibilities grow.
Young men are expected to help their fathers in the fields or tend the livestock. Young women help with the cooking, fetch water, or do laundry. These tasks help the children learn how to become productive members of their family and community. As children, many Nigerians learn that laziness is not acceptable; everyone is expected to contribute. While children in most Nigerian societies have responsibilities, they also are allowed enough leeway to be children. Youngsters playing with homemade wooden dolls and trucks, or groups of boys playing soccer are common sights in any Nigerian village.
In many Nigerian ethnic groups, the education of children is a community responsibility. For example, Nigerian people at a market. Food plays a central role in the rituals of all ethnic groups in Nigeria. Neighbors often look after youngsters while parents may be busy with other chores. It is not strange to see a man disciplining a child who is not his own. All Nigerian children are supposed to have access to a local elementary school. While the government aims to provide universal education for both boys and girls, the number of girls in class is usually much lower than the number of boys.
Sending every child in a family to school can often put a lot of strain on a family. The family will lose the child's help around the house during school hours and will have to pay for uniforms and supplies. If parents are forced to send one child to school over another, many will choose to educate boys before girls.
Historically, Nigerians have been very interested in higher education. The lack of universities providing quality education equal to that in Britain was a major component of the social reforms that led to Nigeria's independence.
Today there are forty-three universities in Nigeria. The majority of these are government-run, but the government has recently approved the creation of three private universities. While Nigeria's system of higher education is the largest in Africa, the demand for higher education far exceeds the capacity of the facilities.
There simply are not enough institutions to accommodate the demand. In only thirty-five thousand students were accepted to Nigerian universities out of a pool of more than four hundred thousand applicants.
Nigeria also has technical training schools. The majority of these focus on polytechnic and agricultural training, with a few specializing in areas such as petroleum sciences and health.
Age is greatly respected in Nigeria. In an area where the average life expectancy is not very high, those who live into their senior years are seen as having earned special rights of respect and admiration. This is true of both men and women.
Socially, greetings are of the utmost importance. A handshake and a long list of well wishes for a counterpart's family and good health are expected when meeting someone. This is often true even if you have seen that person a short time earlier.
Whether you are talking to a bank teller or visiting a friend, it is considered rude not to engage in a proper greeting before getting down to business. Shaking hands, eating, or passing things with the left hand are unacceptable. The left hand is reserved for personal toiletries and is considered dirty. It is estimated that 50 percent of Nigerians are Muslim, 40 percent are Christian, and that the remaining 10 percent practice various indigenous religions.
While Muslims can be found in all parts of Nigeria, their strongest footholds are among the Hausa and the Yoruba. Islam in Nigeria is similar to Islam throughout the world. It is based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, which are outlined in the Qur'an. Christianity is most prevalent in the south of Nigeria. The vast majority of Igbo are Christians, as are many Yorubas.
Conflict with the way some missionaries administered the churches during colonial times also created several breakaway African-Christian churches. Most of these adhere to the doctrines of Western churches but have introduced African music and tradition to their Masses. Some have even eased Christian restrictions on polygamy.
Relations between Christians and Muslims are tense in many areas. Since late , numerous clashes between the two have led to thousands of deaths. The northern city of Kaduna has been the flash point for many of these riots, as local leaders discussed whether to institute Shari'a law in the region. Demonstrations by Christians against the idea soon led to violent confrontations with Muslims. The debate over Shari'a law and the violence accompanying it continue in many of the northern states. While Islam and Christianity are the dominant religions in Nigeria, neither is completely free of influence from indigenous religions.
Most people who consider themselves good Muslims or good Christians often also follow local religious practices. This makes up for perceived shortcomings in their religion. Most indigenous religions are based on a form of ancestor worship in which family members who have passed into the spirit world can influence things in the world of the living. This mixing of traditional ways with Islam has led to groups such as the Bori cult, who use spirit possession as a way to understand why people are suffering in this life.
The mixing of traditional ways with Christianity has led to the development of the Aladura Church. Aladura priests follow basic Christian doctrine but also use prophecy, healing, and charms to ward off witchcraft.
Many Nigerians follow the teachings of purely indigenous religions. Most of these religions share the idea that one supreme god created the earth and its people, but has left people to decide their own paths in life.
Followers of the traditional Yoruban religion believe that hundreds of spirits or minor gods have taken the place of the supreme god in influencing the daily lives of individuals.
Many Yoruban slaves who were taken to the Caribbean and the Americas brought this religion with them. There it was used as the basis of Santeria and voodoo. Because the vast majority of Igbos converted to Christianity during colonialism, few practice the traditional Igbo religion, which is based on hundreds of gods, not a single creator. A man sits in front of his farmhouse in Toro, Nigeria. Traditionally, only men own land. According to Muslim and Christian traditions, officials in these religions tend to be male.
For most indigenous religions, priests and priestesses are common. Traditional priests and priestesses get their power and influence from their ability to be possessed by their god or by their ability to tell the future or to heal.
In the Igbo religion men serve as priests to Igbo goddesses, and women serve as priestesses to Igbo gods. While both men and women can rank high in the Yoruban religion, women usually are among the most respected of traditional priests. Rituals and Holy Places. Because many of the indigenous religions are based on various spirits or minor gods, each with influence over a specific area of nature, many of the traditional rituals are based on paying homage to these gods and spirits. Likewise, the area of control for a spirit also marks the places that are holy to that spirit.
For example, a tribe's water spirit may have a specific pond or river designated as its holy place. The Kalabari, Okrika, and Ikwerre tribes of the Niger Delta region all have festivals in honor of water spirits sacred to their peoples. The Yoruba hold a twenty-day Shango festival each year to honor their god of thunder. Many Igbo consider it bad luck to eat yams from the new harvest until after the annual Yam Festival, a harvest celebration held in honor of the Igbo earth goddess Ani.
Death and the Afterlife. Christian and Muslim Nigerians believe that following death, a person's soul is released and judged by God before hopefully going on to Heaven. Many traditional religions, especially those of the eastern tribes, believe in reincarnation. In these tribes, people believe that the dead will come back as a member of his or her mother's or sister's family.
Many in-depth ceremonies are necessary to prepare the body before burial. For example, if the person was inflicted with some physical disability, steps would be taken to prevent it from being passed on to him in the next life. An infertile woman may have her abdomen cut open before burial or a blind man may have a salve made from special leaves placed over his eyes. Regardless of religion, Nigerians bury their dead. This is customary among Christians and Muslims, but it also is based on traditional beliefs that the body should be returned to the earth that sustained it during life.
Muslims are buried so that their heads face the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. For others, it is customary to bury a man with his head turned toward the east, so he can see the rising sun. A woman is buried facing west, so she will know when the sun sets and when it is time to prepare dinner for her husband in the next life. People also cover the body with black earth during burial because many believe that red earth will result in skin blemishes in the next life.
The ethnic groups in eastern Nigeria believe that the more music and dancing at a funeral, the better that person's chances of a successful afterlife. The size of funerals depends on the social standing of the deceased.
Men are expected to set aside money that will be used to ensure they have a properly elaborate funeral. Women, children, and adolescents tend to have much less elaborate funerals. Nigerians, like people in many developing countries, suffer from widespread disease and a poor health care system. Widespread poverty also contributes to the poor level of health care, as many people shy away from modern treatments that are too expensive. Corruption at all levels of government makes it difficult for health care funding to trickle down to the average Nigerian.
Underfunding and neglect have left many clinics and hospitals in poor physical condition and without modern equipment. Pharmacies, both state-run and private, regularly run out of medicines. Patients looking for cheaper remedies often turn to black-market vendors, who often sell expired or counterfeit drugs. There also is a shortage of qualified medical personnel to adequately treat the whole population.
In , the estimated life expectancy of Nigerian men and women was fifty-one years. The estimated infant mortality rate was over 7 percent, or about seventy-four infant deaths for every thousand live births. AIDS has extracted a devastating toll on Nigeria. The vast majority of Nigerians who are HIV-positive do not know it. The primary mode of HIV transmission in Nigeria is through heterosexual intercourse. Both Western and traditional forms of medicine are popular in Nigeria.
Traditional medicine, also known as juju, is common at the rural level. Practitioners of juju use a variety of plants and herbs in their cures. Most families also have their own secret remedies for minor health problems. Many rural people do not trust Western-style medicine, preferring instead to use traditional ways. In many instances the traditional medicine is very effective and produces fewer side effects than modern drugs. Most of modern medicine's prescription drugs grew out of traditional herbal remedies.
However, there are conditions in which traditional medicine can do more harm than good. Sometimes this leads to conflict between the government-sponsored health care system and traditional ways. Some organizations are now looking at ways to combine the two in an attempt to coax people back into health centers.
The federal government is responsible for the training of health care workers and running nationwide health campaigns such as those aimed at fighting AIDS, Guinea worm infection, river blindness, and leprosy. Nigeria observes three secular national holidays and several officially recognized Muslim and Christian holidays when government, commerce, and banks are closed. Aside from Christmas, the religious holidays fall on different days each year.
Support for the Arts. Nigerian art traditionally served a social or religious purpose and did not exist for the sake of art per se.
For example, dance was used to teach or to fulfill some ritualistic goal. Sculpture was used in blessings, in healing rituals, or to ward off bad luck. With increasing modernization, however, Nigerian art is becoming less oriented to a particular purpose. In some cases, Nigerians have abandoned whole forms of art because they no longer served a purpose. For example, the elaborate tombstones once widely produced by the Ibibio are becoming increasingly rare as Western-style cemeteries are replacing traditional burial grounds.
The government has recognized this decline in Nigerian art. In an attempt to promote Nigerian nationalism through art, it has launched some programs, such as the All-Nigeria Festival of Arts, to Women engrave designs into yellow calabash gourds. Nigerian art traditionally served a social or religious purpose. Many wealthy Nigerians looking to recapture their roots, as well as Western tourists and collectors looking for an African art experience, are willing to spend money on Nigerian art.
This has led to a slight revival of the art industry. Nigeria has a long and incredibly rich literary history. Nigerians are traditionally storytellers. Much of precolonial history in Nigeria is the result of stories handed down from generation to generation. With colonization and the introduction of reading, writing, and the English language, Nigerian storytellers soon began sharing their talents with a worldwide audience. Nigeria is famous for its sculpture. The bronzework of the ancient cities of Ife and Benin can be found in museums all over the world.
These areas in southern Nigeria still produce large amounts of bronze castings. Woodcarvings and terra-cotta sculptures also are popular. They produce massive quantities of beautiful, rich, and colorful textiles. However, the majority of these are sold primarily for everyday wear and not as examples of art. Dance and music are perhaps the two most vibrant forms of Nigerian art. Nigerian music is dependent on strong rhythms supplied by countless drums and percussion instruments.
Highlife is a type of music heavily influenced by Western culture. It sounds like an Africanized version of American big band or ballroom music. Afro-beat combines African rhythms and melodies with jazz and soul.
Palm wine music gets its name from the palm wine saloons where it is traditionally heard. Its fast-paced, frenzied rhythms reflect the rambunctious nature of many palm wine bars. Perhaps Nigeria's most popular form of music is juju, which uses traditional drums and percussion instruments to back up vocals and complicated guitar work. While Nigeria's system of higher education is better than most in Africa, many of its best and brightest students go to universities in the United States or Europe in search of better facilities and academic support.
These students often stay abroad, where there are more opportunities to pursue their talents and to benefit economically. This loss of sharp and influential minds has left the physical and social sciences in a poorer state than they need be. The few sciences that are thriving in Nigeria, such as geology and petroleum sciences, are often headed by non-Nigerians, brought in by foreign companies that have contracts to exploit Nigeria's natural resources.
Violence and Politics in Nigeria: The Tiv and Yoruba Experience, Studies in the History of Kano, A History of the Ogba People, Falola, Toyin, and Adebayo, Akanmu. Culture, Politics, and Money Among the Yoruba, The Land and People of Nigeria, Domestic Responses to Global Challenges, The Fall of Nigeria: The British Conquest, Cultures of the World: This House Has Fallen: Midnight in Nigeria, Life Among the Ibo Women of Nigeria, An African Childhood, A Nation of Many Peoples, A History of Juju Music: African Tradition in Marriage: An Insider's Perspective, Reflections of the Nigerian Civil War, Illness and Well-being in a West African Culture, History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space With the influx of oil revenue and foreigners, Nigerian cities have grown to resemble many Western urban centers. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Social Welfare and Change Programs Severe poverty, human rights violations, and corruption are some of the major social ills that have plagued Nigeria for decades.
Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Etiquette Age is greatly respected in Nigeria. Medicine and Health Care Nigerians, like people in many developing countries, suffer from widespread disease and a poor health care system. Secular Celebrations Nigeria observes three secular national holidays and several officially recognized Muslim and Christian holidays when government, commerce, and banks are closed.
The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences While Nigeria's system of higher education is better than most in Africa, many of its best and brightest students go to universities in the United States or Europe in search of better facilities and academic support. Things Fall Apart, Nigeria, My Beloved Country, The History of Modern Nigeria, Kingdoms of the Yoruba, This has been quite an enlightening and interesting read.
I was checking for social problems in nigeria in preparation for my coming 'nigerian people and society' exams and i found more than what i realy expected. This is so wonderful to behold that there is a site like this providing basic informations of this kind about my country. I have now come to realise that it is possible to live in a place for 20 years and not even know much as you feel you know about the place.
This site has cleared my ignorance about so many things and i'm sure of blasting any question concerning this in my exams. Thank you so much for this highly informative site. I was searching for more report on consequences of social change on education,religion, politics and economy of Nigeria. I was looking for information on Nigerian Architecture and stumble upon your article. I must commend you for your work which is very accurate in its content. I got more than I expected.
I must commend you, this is highly educative,please keep it up. Its very educative and its great to know that there are sites that provides accurate information about the Nigerian Culture Keep up the good work.
It is a top priority that every individual knows about his home, his people and culture. Most Nigerians including myself until now can not say much about our country. But this article has given me what I need to defend myself as a proper Nigerian not only by birth but also by the knowledge I've acquired through this article.
Nasarawa State University, Keffi. This page is really use full for us,I had known about nigeria and their culturs and all. This helped me out a lot on my research paper,a lot of interesting things that make me want to learn more.
I read through this this site and find it quite interesting and useful keep it up. Well written, good work and a very extensive research. As much as I am proud to be Nigerian, I do feel ashamed when asked questions about Nigeria and I can't give an accurate answer. I use to blame my 'Boring History teacher' in boarding school Ibadan for not knowing so much as I should about the Nigerian History. However it is nothing to do with him, and it is easier to blame others so I had therefore made it MY responsibity to learn more about Nigeria as I can, and I came accross your site.
Thanks so much for these information. For days, I have been spending all day on the net, looking for information pertaining Nigerian Architecture.
Your site gave alot that i need. It gives insight to Nigerian Architecture. This site is extremely informative, and will be a great source to use for my first history class in college.
My Survey of African-American History class is so in depth and full of information, butI found this site extremely helpful. I will say a big thank you for educating and enligthing me on these case study, now i can say something on the peoples and culture of my country.
Being a forestry student at the Federal University of Technology, Akure in the south-west of the country,I was actually searching for an information on the responses of forest products to HIV in Nigeria when i came across this educating information. I must say kudos to you and your works cos u make all nigerian remember their source.
Pls, in ur next publication, do make it known to the whole wide world the issue of forestry about Nigeria. I am quite impressed that this kind of information is available on the web about Nigeria.
The creators should keep it up, thumbs up. I found the site to be of great use especially for non-nigerians wishing to know about the country or people like myself-doing research on a topic related to nigeria. Kindly update the information posted on the site so that it continues to help people in future. Thanks for the wonderful works and reserch you have done.. Please i want to know aboy Yoruba and Igbo Homestead layout God bless us and God bless Nigeria as a whole.
Very educative and unbiassed writing about Nigeria. Until now, I did not know how the name 'Nigeria' came about. This is simply an elaborate profile of Nigeria. Objective analysis of the country is very good. I am really impressed. I needed info for an assignment in school and i got it here.
Its about social ills in Nigeria. This is a very informative and useful site. I was doing a history project on Nigeria and I found this.
This is an amazing site!!! Thank you so much for making this!!! This site was very interesting, enlighten me more on the culture of the Nigeria as a whole. Thanks for the works done. It was very helpful for me since,am going to marry my finace'e in Nigeria and am beginning to explore what it would be to live in this country. It is helpful and educative. I only wanted something about Nigerian culture and I ended up getting more than enough.
Thank you for this site. You've done well for creating a site with comprehensive information on Nigeria. Please, keep on updating it. I have to thank the author or the person that compile this article, it is nice for every Nigerians to have one and read and know the origin and other things about this great country. I am suggesting if more emphasis will be led on how the relationships on the three major group concerning marriage, dressing and others.
I was looking up Niger and Nigerian people for a french project, and i found this article very useful. Also i got an excellent grade. This is a thorough information and educative one for that matter. Am really proud to be a Nigerian, Abia State in particular.
Only that Corruption in our Leadership system don't want us to be proud of our history. This is so amazing. Thanks to this site. What I think should be done, there should be updates regularly. What an enlightening site! This helped me out a lot on my research paper,a lot of interesting things that make me want to learn more thanks please kept it up.
I am doing a paper on cultural diversity and I chose Nigeria because one, my husband is nigerian. And I found this article and I couldn't stop reading Thank u the writer of this article, thanks to all the brain behind this site, more griss to ur elbow Do post more pls thanks.
Pls keep up the gud work. This was very helpful for my report. I learned a lot of information for my culture part of my Nigerian report. I am very much interested about my heratage. My father is Nigerian and my mother is a Pilina. I grow up in the philippines. I never had a chance to ask my father about Nigeria because he left as when I was six years old and when back to Nigeria.
I dont have any communacation with him. His name is Clement K. Now after tweenty years I came to know Nigeria after reading this page. Nice culture Nigeria have. Lam currently dating a Nigerian guy and this has really highlighted me on everything i wanted to know about Nigerians and their culture! At least lam now aware of other things in their culture! Good to know that there is valid information about Nigeria and all the other countries in Africa.
Its so amazing how much you learn even when you think you know alot about your country. But also keep in mind, some of the information is dated. I'm loving every bit of it though. I love it because it expose me to know more and to teach the American about my great country. There are some inaccuracies but they are minor and to be expected. The majority of the article is truthful and that is important to any people. Our culture and society may not be perfect, but I appreciate it being portrayed honestly.
Thank you so much. This is really good. It helped me in preparation for my presentation on Individual and Cultural differences. It is a good job. Reading this article really put smile on my face am proud to be nigrian. I have some questions Can a lagos africa man have more than one wife? He married one in indianapolis and she thinks he has some in africa.
Not sure religion yet but hes been here a few months now going back to africa. He says hes a doctor but nees to take tests in u. He had a round trip ticket when he came so he knew he was going bacvk but says he is coming back in 3 weeks. His brother-inlaw died 2 months ago and he says they hold you for up to 8 months there do they and what are funeral and burial procedures?
Thank You For answering. I will be awaiting. Its really a great interesting site that gives more insight on what Nigerians had gone through and also gives the hope of making a life out of those mess around the corner today. I was carrying-out a research on my project topic when i stumble on this site, it is educative,enlightened,an eye-opener for any wanting to know much about the history of nigeria, its people, their cultures, beliefs.
I believe in your dream of projecting the image of nigeria for the world to know and have confidence in the system. I was writing a book on the culture of Nigeria. This web is prove well for me. Because it have all the solution which i desire , that i want to be done to publish for my book of my students. Thank you for this article. I found it as I was looking for information on Nigeria. I am about to conduct some interviews about family life. Families have moved to England and as a mature student very interested in how they view Western family life compared to their own homeland.
This article has given me a foundation and raised my confidence to do my tasks towards my dissertation. Honestly this is a very good one. It is quite enlightening, interesting and educative. Very Critical and concise.
It should be recommended to Nigerians those of us in the country inclusive and I believe so many will realize how little they know about this our country - Nigeria. This has been alot of help: I am researching a topic that has to do with comparing cultures and I have been able to find all i am requiring on this website. I still visits this website sometimes when i'm less busy and trying to know more about other national cultures. You guys have done a great job putting all these information together.
More grease to your elbow. Great Nigeria, I am happy I came accorss this while seaching for an information on Nigeria culture and their health implications. I never know we have such an interesing cultures. Up Nigeria am proud to be a Nigerian.
Great site Keep it up. I was looking for social life-style of different people on the basis of personal interest when the search led me to this site. I am really amazed with what I found here. Thank you so much and keep it up. This is one of the best articles by far that I have ever read.
It explains a lot and it also answers any questions that you may have while reading. I enjoy this informational website! Thanks for your wonderful work and for given us some tips about Nigeria. Actually , I am looking for 'what is the culture of Nigeria and what is metamorphic theory wen i discovered this Nigeria Nigeria.
I wanted to re-familairse myself with some of the cultural norms that I had forgotten. The site has some useful informaton about the origins of the name 'Nigeria', its people, and cultural dispositions. You have clearly researched your topic area. While researching using the internet,in preparation for my Nigerian peoples and culture examination when I came across this fantastic article.
I truly enjoyed reading this information about Nigeria's History, it is so highly informative, very highly educational. I've learned so much about the History of Nigeria and I'm glad that I had the opportunity to read this.
I will definitely be able to forward this information to anyone who wants to know more about Nigeria. I truly enjoy reading this Thank you so much for such a strong surface-base information about this country and how it has became to be known Keep up the good work for it is Phenomenal!!! I was looking for the Nigeria Culture, i was going to write a paper to compare and contrast or the similarities and the disimilarities of Nigeria and the American Culture and i got so much more.
Well i really enjoyed thie website.. Im writing a paper on Nigeria and i realy did enjoy what i read i would like to say thank you forgiving out so much information that influenced me to look Nigeria so differnt!! I was checking the internet while researching information on diversity for masters program when I came across this article.
So much information in one place. I found it to be full of everything that I needed. Thank you for sharing about the culture of Nigeria. I couldnt take my eyes off of the article. It was very detailed. Am very delightful to got the opportunity to gain many things that i did not know before. Please we need more details of each ethnic groups. Online Dating is very good as it can present you to people whom you could not have met them in your life.
Nonetheless, finding your Mrs. Right needs you to take some quality time. You need to do your research. There are numerous online websites that cater for the wealthy single moms whom you would like meet.
Browse for websites that are active alone. Once you get a website that is right for you, you should create your profile. Upload some of your cute photographs that indicate some of the things you love doing. You need to include some of the countless head shot and several backdrops and outfits. Fill out your profile. To get rich single moms, you need to update your profile each and every time with some of the things you like doing during your free time and some the things you would like to achieve.
Wealthy women want sophisticated men, so keep it simple and smart and limit your flirty eroticism talk till later. Another tip on how to bump into rich moms is that you have to figure out your goals. You should establish if you want a gift giver or a husband. In addition, know if you would want long-term relationship or just a gift giver sugar mom.
If you want a long term thing, then you need to present yourself as a professional and intelligent person with your dreams and goals. If you need a Rich Sugar Momma , then you have to keep it fun and light. Wealthy sugar mamas dating young men is different from regular women dating single men. You need to know the differences between them. Generally speaking, many foreign or international men want to know what sugar mama meaning or how in the world is finding a sugar mama. In this modern era, the relationships between younger men and older women are popular.
Especially, rich divorced white and black women from rich countries as America, Canada, Australia and so on look for local and international young men for romance. They are willing to offer money and expensive gifts in exchange for sexual favors. What they need is a good companion and complete sexual satisfaction. What a rich sugar mama desires most is your nice personality and the sexual satisfaction. If you want to date a wealthy sugar mom, then you need to learn many things, not only your art of being a good friend but also your physical body.
You need to have good knowledge about how to talk, act and treat an older woman. You also need to work out to make sure you are strongly in bed.
Iamges: dating single mothers in nigeria
Amnesty International is publishing this report The relationship between the political elite and ordinary Nigerians is not unlike that between nobles and commoners. It is not uncommon for a husband and wife to live in separate homes and to be extremely independent of one another.
The State of the Physical and Social Sciences While Nigeria's system of higher education is better than most in Africa, many of its best and brightest students go to universities in the United States or Europe in search of better facilities and academic support. In some ethnic groups, the greater the number of children, the greater a man's standing in the eyes of his peers.
I dating single mothers in nigeria like to read more about the langue and the migration to wich it started the langue Thanks for the wonderful works and reserch you have done. In the west, the Yoruban kings historically held all the land in trust, and therefore also had a say in datimg it was used for the good of the community. I was checking for social problems in nigeria in preparation for my coming 'nigerian people and nigetia exams and i found more than what i realy expected. If u want to know Nigeria, this is it. It is comprehensive and educative. With the influx of oil revenue and foreigners, Nigerian cities have grown to resemble many Western urban centers.
- Best dating sites for professionals over 50
- Dating site over 50s uk
- How do i know if hes dating someone else
- Can dallas cowboys cheerleaders dating players
- Free online dating washington state
- Weed dating grand rapids mi
- Russian dating websites in uk
- Casting for dating shows 2013
- Funny dating cv
- Russian dating site funny pictures
- Night dating in singapore
- Gay speed dating brisbane
- Asian dating sites in toronto
- Epcor hook up charge
- How to create a dating profile name
- Employees dating each other
- Speed dating usa
- Herpes dating sites reviews
- Speed dating in grimsby
- Free online phone dating sites