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Archived from the original on 27 September Many Filipino-born ladies don't understand about life in America. Taiwanese identity and Chinese nationalism. Taiwan lies on the Tropic of Cancer , and its general climate is marine tropical. The former DPP administration feared that such links would lead to tighter economic and political integration with mainland China, and in the Lunar New Year Speech, President Chen Shui-bian called for managed opening of links. The Democratic Progressive Party , the largest Pan-Green party, officially seeks independence, but in practice also supports the status quo because its members and the public would not accept the risk of provoking the PRC. For instance, it is the name under which it has competed at the Olympic Games since , and its name as an observer at the World Health Organization.
Units which surrendered and remained in mainland China were either disbanded or incorporated into the People's Liberation Army. Although the protest was rapidly crushed by the authorities, it is today considered as the main event that united Taiwan's opposition. Retrieved 4 April National Statistics, Republic of China Taiwan. There are thousands of new and fresh Filipina brides who migrated to the US every year. Taiwan also has an extensive bus network, most of which are run by private bus companies.
It called also for general use of " Taiwan " as the country's name, without abolishing its formal name, the "Republic of China". Pan-Blue members generally support the concept of the One-China policy, which states that there is only one China and that its only government is the ROC.
They favour eventual re-unification of China. Regarding independence, the mainstream Pan-Blue position is to maintain the status quo , while refusing immediate reunification. The dominant political issue in Taiwan is its relationship with the PRC. This was a problem for many Taiwanese businesses that had opened factories or branches in mainland China.
The former DPP administration feared that such links would lead to tighter economic and political integration with mainland China, and in the Lunar New Year Speech, President Chen Shui-bian called for managed opening of links. Direct weekend charter flights between Taiwan and mainland China began in July under the current KMT government, and the first direct daily charter flights took off in December Other major political issues include the passage of an arms procurement bill that the United States authorized in The politicians and their parties have themselves become major political issues.
Corruption among some DPP administration officials has been exposed. In early , President Chen Shui-bian was linked to possible corruption. The political effect on President Chen Shui-bian was great, causing a divide in the DPP leadership and supporters alike. It eventually led to the creation of a political camp led by ex-DPP leader Shih Ming-teh which believes the president should resign. The KMT assets continue to be another major issue, as it was once the richest political party in the world.
Another significant fraction descends from Han Chinese who immigrated from mainland China in the late s and early s. The shared cultural origin combined with several hundred years of geographical separation, some hundred years of political separation and foreign influences, as well as hostility between the rival ROC and PRC have resulted in national identity being a contentious issue with political overtones.
Since democratization and the lifting of martial law, a distinct Taiwanese identity as opposed to Taiwanese identity as a subset of a Chinese identity is often at the heart of political debates.
Its acceptance makes the island distinct from mainland China, and therefore may be seen as a step towards forming a consensus for de jure Taiwan independence. In the latest survey conducted by National Chengchi University in and published in early , It was later reformed into the Republic of China Army. Units which surrendered and remained in mainland China were either disbanded or incorporated into the People's Liberation Army. Today, the Republic of China maintains a large and technologically advanced military, mainly as defence against the constant threat of invasion by the PRC under the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China.
As this mission has shifted to defence, the ROC military has begun to shift emphasis from the traditionally dominant Army to the air force and navy. Control of the armed forces has also passed into the hands of the civilian government. However, many have retired and there are many more non-mainlanders enlisting in the armed forces in the younger generations, so the political leanings of the military have moved closer to the public norm in Taiwan.
The ROC began a force reduction program, Jingshi An translated to streamlining program , to scale down its military from a level of , in to , in It also decided to modernize both defensive and offensive capabilities. Taipei still keeps a large military apparatus relative to the island's population: Current ROC military doctrine is to hold out against an invasion or blockade until the US military responds.
However, Japan has refused to stipulate whether the "area surrounding Japan" mentioned in the pact includes Taiwan, and the precise purpose of the pact is unclear. They are conducted to promote stability and to be able to respond in case of an armed conflict in the region, including an invasion of Taiwan by the PRC. According to the constitution, the territory of the ROC is according to its "existing national boundaries".
When the ROC retreated to Taiwan in , its claimed territory consisted of 35 provinces, 12 special municipalities, 1 special administrative region and 2 autonomous regions.
They were placed under Kaohsiung administration after the retreat to Taiwan. Since , the government has made some changes in the area under its control. Taipei became a special municipality in and Kaohsiung in The two provincial governments were "streamlined", with their functions transferred to the central government Fujian in and Taiwan in And in , Taoyuan County was also upgraded to Taoyuan special municipality.
This brought the top-level divisions to their current state: According to Article 4 of the Local Government Act, laws pertaining to special municipalities also apply to counties with a population exceeding 2 million. The quick industrialization and rapid growth of Taiwan during the latter half of the 20th century has been called the " Taiwan Miracle ". Japanese rule prior to and during World War II brought changes in the public and private sectors, most notably in the area of public works, which enabled rapid communications and facilitated transport throughout much of the island.
The Japanese also improved public education and made it compulsory for all residents of Taiwan. By , hyperinflation was in progress in mainland China and Taiwan as a result of the war with Japan.
To isolate Taiwan from it, the Nationalist government created a new currency area for the island, and began a price stabilization program. These efforts significantly slowed inflation. The government also implemented a policy of import-substitution , attempting to produce imported goods domestically. In , with the outbreak of the Korean War, the United States began an aid program which resulted in fully stabilized prices by Under the combined stimulus of the land reform and the agricultural development programs, agricultural production increased at an average annual rate of 4 per cent from to , which was greater than the population growth, 3.
Taiwan's HDI in is 0. In , Chiang Ching-kuo implemented the Ten Major Construction Projects , the beginning foundations that helped Taiwan transform into its current export driven economy.
Since the s, a number of Taiwan-based technology firms have expanded their reach around the world. Well-known international technology companies headquartered in Taiwan include personal computer manufacturers Acer Inc.
Computex Taipei is a major computer expo, held since Today Taiwan has a dynamic, capitalist, export-driven economy with gradually decreasing state involvement in investment and foreign trade. In keeping with this trend, some large government-owned banks and industrial firms are being privatized. Exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialization.
The trade surplus is substantial, and foreign reserves are the world's fifth largest. Since the beginning of the s, the economic ties between Taiwan and the People's Republic of China have been very prolific. A white paper by the Department of Industrial Technology states that "Taiwan should seek to maintain stable relation with China while continuing to protect national security, and avoiding excessive 'Sinicization' of Taiwanese economy.
High-technology industrial parks have sprung up in every region in Taiwan. Because of its conservative financial approach and its entrepreneurial strengths, Taiwan suffered little compared with many of its neighbours from the Asian financial crisis.
Unlike its neighbours, South Korea and Japan, the Taiwanese economy is dominated by small and medium-sized businesses, rather than the large business groups. The global economic downturn, however, combined with poor policy co-ordination by the new administration and increasing bad debts in the banking system, pushed Taiwan into recession in , the first whole year of negative growth since Due to the relocation of many manufacturing and labour-intensive industries to the PRC, unemployment also reached a level not seen since the s oil crisis.
This became a major issue in the presidential election. The ROC often joins international organizations especially ones that also include the People's Republic of China under a politically neutral name. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China is the cabinet-level governing body of the transportation network in Taiwan. Taiwan has an extensive highway network, classified into five levels: Taiwan also has an extensive bus network, most of which are run by private bus companies.
Rapid transit systems include the Taipei Metro , Taoyuan Metro incl. There are four international seaports: Keelung , Kaohsiung , Taichung , and Hualien. The higher education system was established in Taiwan by Japan during the colonial period.
However, after the Republic of China took over Taiwan from Japan in , the system was promptly replaced by the same system as in mainland China which mixed with features of the Chinese and American educational systems.
Taiwan is well known for adhering to the Confucian paradigm of valuing education as a means to improve one's socioeconomic position in Taiwanese society. Taiwan is one of the top-performing countries in reading literacy, maths and sciences. In , Taiwanese students achieved one of the world's best results in mathematics, science and literacy, as tested by the Programme for International Student Assessment PISA , a worldwide evaluation of year-old school pupils' scholastic performance.
Taiwan has a high percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree where 45 percent of Taiwanese aged 25—64 hold a bachelors degree or higher compared with the average of 33 percent among member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD. In addition, the system has been criticized for producing an excess supply of over-educated university graduates and a higher unemployment rate.
With a large supply of university graduates seeking a limited demand of prestigious white collar jobs in an environment that is increasingly losing its competitive edge has led many degree holders ending up with lower end jobs with salaries far beneath than their expectations. As the Taiwanese economy is largely science and technology based, the labor market demands people who have achieved some form of higher education, particularly related to science and engineering in order to gain a competitive edge when searching for employment.
Many Taiwanese students attend cram schools, or bushiban , to improve skills and knowledge on problem solving against exams of subjects like mathematics, nature science, history and many others. Courses are available for most popular subjects. Lessons are organized in lectures, reviews, private tutorial sessions, and recitations.
As of [update] , the literacy rate in Taiwan is Taiwan's population is about The remainder live on Penghu , , Kinmen , , and Matsu 12, Additional people of Han origin include and descend from the 2 million Nationalists who fled to Taiwan following the communist victory on the mainland in The indigenous Taiwanese aborigines number about , and are divided into 16 recognized groups. Mandarin is the official national language and is spoken by the vast majority of the population of Taiwan.
It has been the primary language of instruction in schools since the end of Japanese rule. Most waishengren [c] speak primarily Mandarin.
Although Mandarin is the language of instruction in schools and dominates television and radio, non-Mandarin Chinese varieties have undergone a revival in public life in Taiwan, particularly since restrictions on their use were lifted in the s.
Taiwan's indigenous languages, the Formosan languages , do not belong to the Chinese or Sino-Tibetan language family, but rather to the Austronesian language family.
Their use among Taiwan's aboriginal minority groups has been in decline as usage of Mandarin has risen. Religion in Taiwan census . The Constitution of the Republic of China protects people's freedom of religion and the practices of belief.
According to the census, of the 26 religions recognized by the ROC government, the five largest are: Buddhism 8,, or Church buildings are the most obvious markers of Aboriginal villages, distinguishing them from Taiwanese or Hakka villages. Confucianism is a philosophy that deals with secular moral ethics, and serves as the foundation of both Chinese and Taiwanese culture. The majority of Taiwanese people usually combine the secular moral teachings of Confucianism with whatever religions they are affiliated with.
As of [update] , there were 14, temples in Taiwan, approximately one place of worship per 1, residents. In , Taiwan had 3, Churches, an increase of The figures below are the estimates for the twenty most populous administrative divisions; a different ranking exists when considering the total metropolitan area populations in such rankings the Taipei-Keelung metro area is by far the largest agglomeration.
The current program was implemented in , and is considered to be a form of social insurance. A standardized method of calculation applies to all persons and can optionally be paid by an employer or by individual contributions.
BNHI insurance coverage requires co-payment at the time of service for most services unless it is a preventative health service, for low-income families, veterans, children under three years old, or in the case of catastrophic diseases.
During the outbreak the Centers for Disease Control and local governments set up monitored stations throughout public transportation, recreational sites and other public areas. In , the infant mortality rate was 5. The life expectancy for males was The cultures of Taiwan are a hybrid blend of various sources, incorporating elements of traditional Chinese culture, attributable to the historical and ancestry origin of the majority of its current residents, Japanese culture, traditional Confucianist beliefs, and increasingly Western values.
After their move to Taiwan, the Kuomintang imposed an official interpretation of traditional Chinese culture over Taiwan. The government launched a program promoting Chinese calligraphy , traditional Chinese painting , folk art , and Chinese opera. The status of Taiwanese culture is debated. Reflecting the continuing controversy surrounding the political status of Taiwan , politics continues to play a role in the conception and development of a Taiwanese cultural identity, especially in the prior dominant frame of a Taiwanese and Chinese dualism.
In recent years, the concept of Taiwanese multiculturalism has been proposed as a relatively apolitical alternative view, which has allowed for the inclusion of mainlanders and other minority groups into the continuing re-definition of Taiwanese culture as collectively held systems of meaning and customary patterns of thought and behaviour shared by the people of Taiwan. One of Taiwan's greatest attractions is the National Palace Museum , which houses more than , pieces of Chinese bronze, jade, calligraphy, painting, and porcelain and is considered one of the greatest collections of Chinese art and objects in the world.
The PRC had said that the collection was stolen and has called for its return, but the ROC has long defended its control of the collection as a necessary act to protect the pieces from destruction, especially during the Cultural Revolution. Relations regarding this treasure have warmed recently; Beijing Palace Museum Curator Zheng Xinmiao said that artefacts in both Chinese and Taiwanese museums are "China's cultural heritage jointly owned by people across the Taiwan Strait.
Karaoke , drawn from contemporary Japanese culture, is extremely popular in Taiwan, where it is known as KTV. KTV businesses operate in a hotel-like style, renting out small rooms and ballrooms varying on the number of guests in a group. Many KTV establishments partner with restaurants and buffets to form all-encompassing elaborate evening affairs for families, friends, or businessmen.
Tour buses that travel around Taiwan have several TV's, equipped not for watching movies, but primarily for singing Karaoke. There, movies out on DVD can be selected and played in a private theatre room. However, MTV, more so than KTV, has a growing reputation for being a place that young couples will go to be alone and intimate. Taiwan has a high density of hour convenience stores, which, in addition to the usual services, provide services on behalf of financial institutions or government agencies such as collection of parking fees, utility bills, traffic violation fines, and credit card payments.
Taiwanese culture has also influenced other cultures. Taiwan television shows are popular in Singapore, Malaysia, and other Asian countries.
Taiwanese films have won various international awards at film festivals around the world. Ang Lee , a Taiwanese director, has directed critically acclaimed films such as: Baseball is Taiwan's national sport and it is a popular spectator sport.
As of [update] , the CPBL has four teams with average attendance over 5, per game. Besides baseball, basketball is Taiwan's major sport. In the Olympics, Chen Shih-hsin and Chu Mu-yen won the first two gold medals in women's flyweight event and men's flyweight event, respectively. Subsequent taekwondo competitors such as Yang Shu-chun have strengthened Taiwan's taekwondo culture. Taiwan participates in international sporting organizations and events under the name of " Chinese Taipei " due to its political status.
In , Taiwan hosted two international sporting events on the island. The World Games were held in Kaohsiung between 16 and 26 July Taipei hosted the 21st Summer Deaflympics in September of the same year. Furthermore, Taipei will host the Summer Universiade in Taiwan is also a major Asian country for Korfball.
She is the youngest player ever, male or female, to win five major championships and had been ranked number 1 in the Women's World Golf Rankings for consecutive weeks from to Taiwan uses two official calendars: The latter numbers years starting from , the year of the founding of the Republic of China.
Usually, year numbering may use the Gregorian system as well as the ROC era system. For example, 3 May , may be written or The use of two different calendar systems in Taiwan may be confusing, in particular for foreigners.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Taiwan disambiguation. For the People's Republic of China, see China. For other uses, see Republic of China disambiguation. Territory controlled by the Republic of China: Chinese Taipei , Formosa , and Names of China. History of Taiwan and History of the Republic of China. See the History of China article for historical information in the Chinese Mainland before Taiwan under Qing rule.
Taiwan under Japanese rule and Republic of Formosa. Democratic reforms of Taiwan and Elections in Taiwan. Political status of Taiwan. People's Republic of China. Foreign relations of Taiwan.
Taiwan independence and Chinese Unification. Elections in Taiwan and Human rights in Taiwan. Emblem of the Kuomintang , the main Pan-Blue Coalition party. Taiwanese identity and Chinese nationalism.
Republic of China Armed Forces. Republic of China Military Academy. Administrative divisions of Taiwan. History of the administrative divisions of the Republic of China — Economy of Taiwan and Economic history of Taiwan. North-south divide in Taiwan. Taiwanese people , Han Taiwanese , and Taiwanese aborigines.
List of cities in Taiwan. Largest administrative divisions in Taiwan source. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Culture of Taiwan and Cultural history of Taiwan. Chinese calendar and Public holidays in Taiwan. Geography portal Asia portal Taiwan portal Islands portal. Yuan , p.
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